CARRIAGE AND WAGON AXLES FOR HORSE-DRAWN VEHICLES, compiled by the Carriage Museum of America and edited by Don Peloubet. Axle-making techniques blossomed in the second half of the 19th century, at the high point of the carriage trade, following closely the development of wheel-making. This industry saw tremendous changes throughout the period, moving from individual wooden axles handmade by the wheelwright, to iron axles forged by the blacksmith, and finally to lathe-turned axle arms fabricated of iron and steel in factories specializing in axles. Like its companion, "Wheelmaking," this book is a compilation of articles on axle making taken from late 19th century journals published in America for the carriage industry. The articles are divided into ten sections: the first is a long, general chapter on the development of axle-making, followed by sections on axle setting, axle manufacturers, patent axles, ball/roller-bearing axles, axle types, lubrications, repair, and tools and equipment. Together they provide the reader with an in-depth look at the evolution of the art and industry of axle-making, and offer tremendous value to those interested in the actual practice of the trade, as well as those interested in the history of this important technology. Profusely illustrated, 250 pages, 9 x 12 soft cover.